Welcome to the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry (SHAC). Founded in 1937, SHAC has consistently maintained the highest standards of scholarship in all aspects of the history of alchemy and chemistry from early times to the present. To this goal, we hold annual meetings, offer prizes and publish the journal Ambix. The Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry is a registered charity. If you would like to join or learn more about the society, please click on the 'SHAC' button above.

This site is maintained by Dr K.D. Watson ( The Open University kindly hosts this site, but has no responsibility for its contents.

Alchemical Texts

The Alchemy Web Site and Virtual Library At Adam McLean's ultimate Alchemy website

Alchemical Texts at the Internet Sacred Texts Archive

Aula Lucis by Thomas Vaughan At the Argotique site

The Secret Book of  Artephius at Les Arcanes

The Philosophers of Nature

125 West Front Street, Suite 263-mWheaton, IL 60187 USA

Phone 708.682.3938. Fax 708.665.2364. Email:

The Golden Elixir - Resources on Chinese alchemy:

The Alchemy Virtual Library



Adam McLean.


Address: 15 Kier Street Glasgow, G41 2NP United Kingdom. Tel: (0141) 429.5614


Subscribe:Alchemy List: Full Name.

The Alchemy Virtual Library

Starting with the most famous, and also one of the shortest of all alchemichal texts:

The Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus (9K)

with the commentary found in The Glory of the World.

From there, to another great classic:

The Secret Book of Artephius (57K)

said to contain some of the deepest secrets of alchemy.

Then to treasure texts from Waites' Hermetic Museum. A chest of jewels, in particular because quite readable (compared to many other texts).

The Golden Tract (92K)

The Golden Age Restored (31K)

The Sophic Hydrolith (112K)

A demonstration of Nature (43K)

A Short Tract, or Philosophical Summary by Nicholas Flamell (14K)

The Only True Way (32K)

The Glory of the World (170K)

A Tract of Great Price (27K)

The Book of Alze (23K)

The Book of Lambspring (coming soon).

The Golden Tripod (85K)

The New Chemical Light, Part 1 by Michael Sendivogus (72K)

The New Chemical Light, Part 2 by Michael Sendivogus (73K)

An Open Entrance to the Closed Palace of the King (76K)

A Subtle Allegory Concerning the Secrets of Alchemy by Michael Maier (76K)

The Three Treatises of Philalethes:

1.      The Metamorphosis of Metals (44K)

2.      A Short Vade Macum to the Clelestial Ruby (35K)

3.      The Fount of Chemical Truth (22K)

Helvetius' Golden Calf (56K)

Leaving the Hermetic Museum for one of the great classics of alchemy:

The Turba Philosophorum (156K)

The Six Keys of Eudoxus attributed to Hermes Trismegistus (26K)

The Sophic Fire by John Pontanus (7K)

A Short Catechism of Alchemy, founded on a manual of Paracelsus preserved in the Vatican Library (47K)

The Golden Treatise of Hermes Trismegistus Concerning the Physical Secret of the Philosopher's Stone. With commentary by Mary Anne Atwood. (78K)

A few parables from the Splendor Solis , another of the great classics of alchemy. (78K)

While in the parables:

The Allegory of the Fountain by Bernard Trevisan. (17K)

And also:

The Meadow of Happiness (21K)

Jean Dauge French Alchemy Site - Fulcanelli:


Stephan Lafreniere:



Adam McLean.


Address: 15 Kier Street Glasgow, G41 2NP United Kingdom. Tel: (0141) 429.5614




di Michela Pereira
html di Francesco Di Pietro


Crisciani, C. - Pereira, M., L'arte del sole e della luna. Alchimia e filosofia nel Medioevo, CISAM, Spoleto, 1996 (con bibliografia)
Gagnon, C., Récherche bibliographique sur l'alchimie médiévale occidentale, "Cahiers d'Études médiévales" 2 (1974), pp. 155-199
Halleux, R., Les textes alchimiques, Brepols, Turnhout, 1979 (con bibliografia)
Kren, C., Alchemy in Europe. A Guide to Research, Garland Publ., New York-London, 1990
Le crisi dell'alchimia = "Micrologus. Natura, scienze e società medievali" 3 (1995)

Crisciani, C., La 'quaestio de alchimia' fra Duecento e Trecento, in "Medioevo" 2 (1976), pp. 119-168
Sheppard, H., European alchemy in the context of a universal definition, in: Meinel Ch. (ed.), Die Alchemie in der europäischen Kultur- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1986

Bibliografia: FARE-SAPERE

Carusi, P., Teoria e sperimentazione nell'alchimia medioevale nel passaggio da Oriente a Occidente, in: La diffusione delle scienze islamiche nel Medioevo europeo, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Roma, 1987, pp. 355-377
Halleux, R., Pratique de laboratoire et experience de pensée chez les alchimistes, in: Bergier, J.F. (ed.),
Zwischen Wahn, Glaube und Wissenschaft. Magie, Astrologie, Alchimie und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Verlag der Fachvereine, Zürich, 1988, pp. 115-126
Pereira, M., L'oro dei filosofi. Saggio sulle idee di un alchimista del Trecento, CISAM, Spoleto, 1992

Bibliografia: ARTE-NATURA

Gagnon, C., Alchemie, techniques et technologie, in: Allard, G.H. - Lusignan, S. (eds.), Les arts mécaniques au moyen âge, Vrin, Paris, 1982
Newman, W., Technology and alchemical debate in the late Middle Ages, "Isis" 80 (1989), pp. 423-445 (trad. in: Crisciani - Pereira, L'arte del sole e della luna,
Obrist, B., Art et nature dans l'alchimie médiévale, "Revue d'histoire des sciences" (1995), pp. 1-42
Pereira, M., L'elixir alchemico fra artificio e natura, in Negrotti, M. (ed.), Artificialia. La dimensione artificiale della natura umana, CLUEB, Bologna, 1995, pp. 255-267

Bibliografia:MATERIA PRIMA

Newman, W., Technology and alchemical debate (cit.)
Obrist, B., Cosmology and alchemy in an illustrated 13th century alchemical tract, "Micrologus. Natura, scienze e società medievali" 1 (1993), pp. 115-160
Obrist, B., Les rapports d'analogie entre philosophie et alchimie médiévales, in: Margolin, J.C.-Matton, S. (eds.), Alchimie et philosophie à la Renaissance, Vrin, Paris, 1993, pp. 43-64
Pereira, M., L'oro dei filosofi (

Bibliografia: Gli strumenti dell'alchimia - FUOCO - VASO

Ploss, E.E., Schipperges, H., Roosen-Runge, H., Buntz, H., L'alchimie. Histoire, technologie, pratique, tr. fr., Belfon, Paris, 1972
Rouaze, I., Un atélier de distillation du Moyen Age, "Bulletin archéologique du Comité de travaux historiques et scientifiques" n.s. 22 (1989), pp. 159-271
Taylor, F.S., The evolution of the still, "Annals of Science" 5 (1945), pp. 185-202

L'Alchimia Metallurgica


Eliade, M., Arti del metallo e alchimia, tr. it., Boringhieri, Torino, 1980
Halleux, R., Le problème des métaux dans la science antique, Les Belles Lettres, Paris, 1974
Read, J., Prelude to Chemistry. An Outline of Alchemy, its Literature and Relationships, Bell, London, 1936


Anawati, G., Avicenne et l'alchimie, in: Oriente e Occidente nel Medioevo, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Roma, 1971, pp. 285-341
Baffioni, C., Il IV libro dei 'Meteorologica' di Aristotele, Bibliopolis, Napoli, 1981
Kibre, P., Studies in Medieval Science. Alchemy, Astrology, Mathematics and Medicine, Hambledon Press, London, 1984
Newman, W., Introduction, in: The 'Summa perfectionis' of Pseudo-Geber. Edition with Commentary and English Translation, Brill, Leiden, 1991


Berthelot, M., La Chimie au Moyen Age (1893), Zeller, Osnabrück, 1893
Holmyard, E.J., Storia dell'alchimia, tr. it., Sansoni, Firenze, 1959

Bibliografia: OPERAZIONI

Halleux, R., Récettes d'artisan, récettes d'alchimiste, in: Jansen-Sieben, R. (ed.), Les 'artes mecanicae' en Europe médiévale, Bruxelles, 1989
Newman, W., The philosophers' egg: theory and practice in the alchemy of Roger Bacon, in: Le crisi dell'alchimia,
cit., pp. 75-101


Halleux, L'alchimiste et l'essayeur, in Meinel (ed.), Die Alchemie (cit.), pp. 277-292
Migliorino, F., Alchimia lecita e illecita nel Trecento: Oldrado da Ponte, "Quaderni medievali" 11 (1981), pp. 6-41
Pereira, L'oro dei filosofi,
cit., cap. 2


Obrist, B., Die Alchemie in der mittelalterlichen Gesellschsaft, in Meinel (ed.), Die Alchemie, cit.
Ogrinc, W.H.L., Western society and alchemy from 1200 to 1500, "Journal of Medieval History" 6 (1980), pp. 103-132


L'Alchimia dell'Elixir

Bibliografia: ELIXIR

Needham, J., Il concetto di elixir e la medicina su base chimica in Oriente e in Occidente, "Acta Medicae Historiae Patavinae" 19 (1985), pp. 7-41
Pereira, M., Un tesoro inestimabile: elixir e 'prolongatio vitae' nell'alchimia del '300, "Micrologus. Natura, scienze e società medievali" 1 (1992), pp. 161-187
Pereira, M., Teorie dell'elixir nell'alchimia latina medievale, in: Le crisi dell'alchimia,
cit., pp. 103-148
Pereira, M., Arnaldo da Villanova e l'alchimia. Un'indagine preliminare, in: Perarnau, J. (ed.), Actes de la I Trobada internacional d'estudis sobre Arnau de Vilanova, II = "Arxiu de Textos Catalans Antics" 14 (1995), pp. 95-174


Carusi, P., 1995, 'Animalis, herbalis, naturalis'. Considerazioni parallele sul 'De anima in arte alchemiae' attribuito ad Avicenna e sul 'Miftâh al-hikma' (opera di un allievo di Apollonio di Tiana), in: Le crisi dell'alchimia, cit., pp. 45-74
Multhauf, R.P., The Origins of Chemistry, Oldbourne, London, 1966
Obrist, B., Cosmology and alchemy,

Bibliografia: QUINTESSENZA

Colnort-Bodet, S., Le code alchimique devoilé, Champion, Paris, 1989
Taylor, F.S., The Idea of Quintessence, in: Ashworth-Underwood E. (ed.), Science, Medicine and History, Essays in honour of Ch. Singer, Oxford UP, Oxford-London-New York, 1953, pp. 247-265
Wilson, C.A., Philosophers, Iósis and Water of Life, Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, Leeds, 1984


Forbes, R.J., Short History of the Art of Distillation from the Beginnings up to the Death of Cellier Blumenthal, Brill, Leiden, 1948
Lu G.D. - Needham, D. - Needham, J., The coming of the ardent water, "Ambix" 19 (1972), pp. 69-112

Bibliografia: ORO POTABILE

Darmstaedter, E., Per la storia dell' oro potabile, "Archeion" 5 (1925), pp. 251-71
Halleux, R., L' oro potabile, "Kos" 12 (1985), pp. 49-64


Paravicini Bagliani, A., Medicina e scienze della natura alla corte dei papi, CISAM, Spoleto, 1992


L'Alchimia spirituale

Bibliografia: SALVEZZA

Corbin, H., Corpo spirituale e terra celeste, tr. it., Adelphi, Milano, 1986
Festugière, A.J., La révélation d'Hermès Trismegiste, 2a ed., Les Belles Lettres, Paris, 1986
Jung, C.G., Psicologia e alchimia, tr. it, Boringhieri, Torino, 1981
von Franz, M.L., Alchimia, tr. it., Boringhieri, Torino, 1984


Bachelard, G., La formation de l'ésprit scientifique, 2a ed., Vrin, Paris, 1971
Butor, M., L'alchimia e il suo linguaggio, in: Id., Repertorio, Il Saggiatore, Milano, 1961, pp. 14-25
Crosland, M.P., Historical Studies in the Language of Chemistry, Harvard UP, London-Cambridge Mass., 1962
Halleux, R., Problèmes de lexicographie alchimiste, in: La lexicographie du latin médiéval et ses rapports avec les récherches actuelles sur la civilisation du Moyen Age, CNRS, Paris, 1981 (tr. it. in Crisciani-Pereira, L'arte del sole e della luna,


Jung, C.G., Mysterium Coniunctionis, tr. it., Boringhieri, Torino, 1990-1991
Pereira, M., Un tesoro inestimabile,
Sheppard, H.J., The redemption theme and Hellenistic Alchemy, "Ambix" 7 (1959), pp. 42-46

Bibliografia: SACRIFICIO

Jung, C.G., Le visioni di Zosimo, in: Id., Studi sull'alchimia, tr. it., Boringhieri, Torino, 1989
Theisen, W., John Dastin: the alchemist as co-creator, "Ambix" 38 (1991), pp. 73-78

Bibliografia: CONIUNCTIO

Coudert, A., Alchemy. The Philosophers' Stone, Shambala Press, Boulder, 1980
Jung, Psicologia della traslazione, tr. it., Boringhieri, Torino, 1981
von Franz, M.L., Psiche e materia nell'alchimia e nella scienza moderna,, "L'immaginale" 6 (1986)


Calvet, A., Alchimie et Joachimisme dans les 'Alchimica' Pseudo-Arnaldiens, in: Margolin-Matton (eds.), Alchimie, cit.
Colnort-Bodet, S., Eau-de-vie logique et 'Banqueroutiers du Saint-Esprit, in: Culture, science et développement (in hon. Ch. Morazé), Privat, Toulouse, 1979, pp. 297-336
Crisciani, C., Note sull'alchimia 'francescana' nel sec. XIII, in: Atti XXV Congresso Nazionale di Filosofia, Società filosofica italiana, Roma, 1980, pp. 21-220
Merkur, D., The Study of Spiritual Alchemy: Mysticism, Gold-Making, and Esoteric Hermeneutics, "Ambix" 37 (1990), pp. 35-45

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di Michela Pereira
html di Francesco Di Pietro



Jonson Ben, The Alchimist                        


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Illustrations from the Aurora consurgens

Adept Alchemy   by Robert A. Nelson   Internet Edition   Copyright 2000: All rights reserved

Prof. Hamed Abdel-reheem Ead -
Professor of Chemistry at Faculty of Science-University of Cairo Giza-Egypt and director of Science Heritage Center

Karpenko is a brilliant Czech scholar in Prague - was a friend of the great Harry Shepherd who founded Ambix.
Vladimír Karpenko:
Dep. of Physical and Macromolecular Chemistry, Charles University, Albertov 2030, 128 40 Prague 2, Czech Republic;

HYLE--An International Journal for the Philosophy of Chemistry, Vol. 4 (1998), No. 1 , pp. 63-80 

Vladimír Karpenko, Alchemy as donum dei

Contemporary artists influenced by alchemy


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Roberto Hernández Montoya, The cult of Venus in Venezuela

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August 28 th 1998 En..



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